Kazimierz, founded in 1335, is the beloved city of King Casimir the Great, who gave it his name and endowed it with numerous privileges and rights. Medieval Kazimierz was an island entwined with the waters of the Vistula river. It was connected with Krakow with a bridge and the Krakow Gate.
In the 15th century, the Jews from Krakow moved to Kazimierz and established a Jewish District surrounded by a wall. Its traces can be found here even today:
in synagogues, squares, houses of prayers and tenement houses. Currently, Kazimierz is a fashionable district full of life with numerous cafes and restaurants. You can still hear Klemzer’s music here. This is where the famous Jewish Culture Festival takes place.